Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is primarily used in the treatment of common musculoskeletal conditions. These include both upper and lower extremity tendinopathies, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, patellar tendinopathy, plantar fasciopathy.
Shockwaves are sound waves that have specific physical characteristics, including nonlinearity, high peak pressure followed by low tensile amplitude, short rise time, and short duration (10 ms). They have a single pulse, a wide frequency range (0-20 MHz) and a high pressure amplitude (0-120 MPa) These characteristics produce a positive and negative phase of shockwave.
The positive phase produces direct mechanical forces, whereas the negative phase generates cavitation and gas bubbles that subsequently implode at high speeds, generating a second wave of shockwaves. In comparison to ultrasound waves, the shockwave peak pressure is approximately 1000 times greater than the peak pressure of an ultrasound wave.
- Increased blood flow and oxygenation (stimulates blood vessels formation
- Reduction of chronic inflammation
- Breaks down calicum deposits, and scar tissue
- Induces collegen production to improve tendon strength
- Pain Reduction